Fusion of primary lateral incisor and canine with agenesis of the permanent lateral incisor: a case report

Dental anomalies in primary teeth may affect permanent teeth eruption and occlusion disability. Dental anomalies occurrences such as fusion in primary dentition can be frequent in daily practice. The aim of this study is to present a case of fusion, the clinical management, and the consequent effects. The paper presents a case of the fused primary mandibular lateral incisor and primary canine along with agenesis of the permanent lateral incisor.

Keywords- Primary teeth fusion, Agenesis

Acrylic finger prosthesis: A Case report

Finger amputations are commonly seen in younger generations making them physically handicapped. Common causes for this are trauma and congenital malformations. This article describes the fabrication of a custom-made finger prosthesis with heat-cured acrylic resin which matched the patient’s hand aesthetically. The prosthesis is light weight, durable, easy to use & cosmetically appealing. The acrylic finger prosthesis has the potential to improve the quality of life for amputees.

Key words: finger amputation, prosthetic finger, acrylic prosthesis

Knowledge and Awareness of Use of Personal Protective Equipment among Dental Practitioners Before and During Covid-19 Pandemic

KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS OF USE OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTS AMONG DENTAL PRACTITONERS BEFORE AND DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC
Santhosh Rahul K, Joy Aleesha, Mathew Josey, George Liza MDS, Paul Sinju, Yacob Jeason Paul
Department of Dept. of Conservative dentistry & Endodontics, Annoor dental college & hospital, Muvattupuzha
Running title – PPE knowledge before and after Covid 19 pandemic
Received: 01-03-2023
Revised: 06-03-2023
Accepted: 08-03-2023
Address for correspondence: Dr. Aleesha Joy, Assistant professor, Dept. of Conservative dentistry & Endodontics, Annoor dental college & hospital, Muvattupuzha, Kerala
E-mail: aleeshajoy.1991@gmail.com
This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial ShareAlike 4.0 license, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms
How to cite this article: Santhosh R K, Joy A, Mathew J, George L, Paul S, Yacob J P. Knowledge and awareness of use of personal protective equipments among dental practitoners before and during covid-19 pandemic J Oral Biomed Sci 2023; 2:
Abstract
Introduction: The pandemic made the dentist to adjust to the new changes to deal with COVID-19 outbreak. With increasing awareness regarding emerging viral diseases dental practitioners have made positive changes regrading personal protection.
Aim: To evaluate knowledge and awareness on use of personal protection equipment’s among dental practitioners before and during covid-19 pandemic.
Methodology: Across-sectional study was conducted using an online survey. Dental practitioners from Kerala were selected for the survey. Questionnaire included questions about the difference they experienced by using personal protection equipment’s which they did not follow before the pandemic and are they finding it important and will they be continuing the practice after the pandemic. And the data obtained was analyzed statistically.
Results: The result shows there is a massive increase in use of N95 mask during the pandemic 146 (59.6%) than before the pandemic where it was 12 (4.9%), as N95 masks were mandatory during the pandemic. Also, there is increases in usage of double gloves during the pandemic from 5 (2.0%) to 51 (20.8%). The usage of personal protective equipment before and during COVID-19 shows there is massive increases in the usage of PPE kit among the practitioners 146 (59.6%) from 11 (4.5%) before COVID.
Conclusion: It was found that the majority of dental practitioners had adequate knowledge regarding the use of personal protective equipment and hygiene practices. Although the percentage of respondents with inadequate knowledge and practice requires attention and adequate measures should be taken to improve their awareness on use of PPE and hygiene practices.
Keywords: Personal protection equipment, Covid-19, N-95 masks

No Swish, No Caries – Nitric oxide containing salt for control of cariogenic microbes

No Swish, No Caries – Nitric oxide containing salt for control of cariogenic microbes R J Fiona, Shamini Sai, Aruna Kumari Veronica, Anand V Susila Department of Conservative dentistry and Endodontics, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Running title – Nitric oxide and dental caries Received: 03-04-2023 Revised: 12-04-2023 Accepted: 17-04-2023 Address […]

Prevalence of Post-Covid Syndrome Among Affected Individuals– A Cross Sectional Study

Background: Post-COVID conditions are a wide range of new, returning, or ongoing health problems people may experience four or more weeks after initial infection with COVID-19 which has shown to affect the quality of life of affected individuals

Methodology: A cross- sectional study was conducted between 1st September 2021, and 28th February 2022 among 500 patients who visited Family Health Centre, Mazhuvannur, Kerala for various treatments who were already diagnosed with acute covid infection preceding 6 weeks.

Results: Out of the 500 participants included in the study, 296 reported at least one post- COVID symptom. The mean age was 47.46 ± 17.20 (18–90) in which 42.57% were male and 57.43% were female. Among the 89.15 % vaccinated individuals, 55.89% availed vaccination prior to infection and 44.11 % post infection.. Most prevalent post–COVID symptoms reported were fatigue (31%), dizziness on standing (29.6%), symptoms that get worse after physical activity (25%), cough (21.4%), headache (13.4%). Out of 296 individuals, 174 patients (69.7 %) underwent treatment for post- COVID symptoms and 121 (59.1%) reported improvement on receiving treatment.

Conclusion: Post COVID syndrome affects the quality of life of individuals. In the present study, it is concluded that age, habits (smoking, tobacco chewing, alcoholism) and co-morbid diseases are critical risk factor for the development of post-COVID syndrome and it also influences the post-COVID treatment outcome.

Keywords – Post COVID syndrome, COVID 19

Immunohistochemical Markers of Epithelial – Mesenchymal Transition in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Systematic Review

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the prognostic significance of immunohistochemical markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were thoroughly searched using various combinations of keywords, and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed for analysis.

Results: Database search yielded a total of 45 articles, out of which 13 articles were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 946 oral squamous cell carcinoma samples were evaluated for various immunohistochemical markers. The most commonly studied immunohistochemical marker of EMT was E-Cadherin followed by Beta-catenin, CD44, N-Cadherin, EMA, vimentin, SMA, ALDH1, cyclin D1, APC, Collagen IV and MMP 9.  A panel of transcription factors such as TWIST1, SNAI1/2, ZEB1, and ZEB2 and other genes intimately related to EMT (CDH1 and LAMC2) at the invasive tumor front of OSCC tissues were also studied.

Conclusion:  The use of biomarkers like E-cadherin, EMA, and SMA might be a valuable tool for predicting patient outcomes and therapy. OSCC tissues had high levels of EMT phenotype as compared with the normal oral mucosa. This phenotype was characterized by reduced E-cadherin and β-catenin expression and overexpression of N-cadherin. CD44 immunoexpression was a significant predictor of lymph node metastasis, while ALDH1 high immunostaining was associated with angiolymphatic invasion. Co-expression of TWIST1 and ZEB2 was significantly prevalent in OSCC patients with poorer overall survival, especially in patients with no lymph node metastasis. The Snail family of zinc-finger transcription factors especially SNAI1/2 was significantly overexpressed in OSCC. The prognostic value of these biomarkers is proven and can be employed for evolving new therapeutic modalities.

Keywords:  immunohistochemistry, oral squamous cell carcinoma, epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Point of View- Violence against health care providers in India

Dr.Terry Thomas Edathotty IDA Kerala state president elect Received: 24-03-2023 Revised: 28-03-2023 Accepted: 05-04-2023 Address for correspondence: Dr Terry Thomas, Dr Terry’s Dental Solutions, HIG-21, surabhi nagar, Kakkanad, Cochin, Kerala, 682030 Email ID – drterrythomas@rediffmail.com This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial ShareAlike 4.0 […]

Editorial- A Changing Trend in Substance Abuse

Editorial FROM THE EDITOR’s DESK A Changing Trend in Substance Abuse Deepu George Mathew Editor-in-Chief Journal of Oral and Biomedical Sciences Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Kerala Received: 23-03-2023 Revised: 30-03-2023 Accepted: 12-04-2023 Address for correspondence: Dr Deepu George Mathew, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Kerala. Email- deepugeorgemathew@gmail.com This is an open access […]

Evaluation of Time Taken for Implementation and Accomplishment of Covid 19 Vaccination in India

Introduction: The study was done to assess whether a significant proportion of population got immunized in a fair amount of time compared to that of vaccination strategies of Singapore, and the results will be useful in the event of a future pandemic breakout. Objectives: To evaluate time taken for implementation of covid 19 vaccination in India and to compare current vaccination approach in India with that of Singapore’s. Methodology: The information was taken from Co-win app that tracks real time COVID-19 vaccination administration in India and was evaluated in total and also on the basis of age, sex and state basis over a period of one year. The website of Ministry of Health, Singapore, was used to collect data regarding the number of individuals immunised in Singapore. Result: 57.2% and 86.2% of the population has been fully vaccinated in India and Singapore respectively. Conclusion: Even though population of India is very large, more than half of them are fully vaccinated which is comparable to the percentage of immunisation achieved in a very less populated country like Singapore within a year.
Keywords: COVID -19, immunization, vaccination in India